Brazil - Fazenda Freitas (Natural) - Filter
Brazilian coffee is hugely varied in both quality and complexity, being the largest producer of the worlds coffee (circa 60 million bags p/y 2019/20). Production varies from huge volume lots of commodity grade coffee geared for the high street, through to high end experimental lots that can taste like they came form a completely different country. Fazenda Freitas #1 is one of those lots, demonstrating just how far speciality coffee in Brazil has come.
Why this coffee?
We love coffee form the region of Minas Gerais, as they offer some fo the brightest cleanest cups we can find from this origin. Last year we sourced an amazing coffee called La Esperanza, which stood a huge step away form pretty much any other Brazilian coffee we had previously tasted (In a good way!). This lot is a similar style. Not identical by any stretch (as very few coffees ever are), but a stand out all the same. There's only so many coffees you can offer with crazy profiles, and sometimes you want something that is easy, yummy and just an every day quaffable coffee. This is one of those.
Fazenda Freitas is an extremely well processed natural coffee. It's juicy, complex and fun so we bought it to enjoy as a great all round filter. Yes it's a natural with a bit of funk, but it's not one of those freaky profiles that tastes 'not like coffee'.
About the Region / Farms / Producer:
Cerrado Mineiro is a large region in the state of Minas Gerais in south east of Brazil. According to The Cerrado Coffee Growers Federation, it is made up of 55 counties, 210,000 hectares of coffee farms, and 4,500 producers. It has an average production of 5 million bags every year – a quarter of Minas Gerais’ output, and 12.7% of Brazil’s.
The region’s farms sit between 800 and 1300 MASL, and are predominantly flat. There are well-defined seasons which means cherries typically ripen at the same time.
The production of coffee began on Fazenda Freitas 35 years ago in 1984 when Osmar Junior, better known as Juninho, planted 10 hectares of Arabica coffee in the soil of Cerrado Mineiro. These first 10 hectares provided about 100 bags of exportable coffee. Now they have 114 ha of coffee planted in the micro region within the Cerrado. For Juninho the real pleasure is walking onto the farm during the flowering to take in the beauty and intense sweet aromas the flowerings produce.
Now Osmar and his son Gabriel run the Nunes Estates and they believe part of their success is due to the continually renovating 10-15% of the farms each year allowing the opportunity to trail new varieties and then also processing methods with these. On the farms they are very interested experimenting with fermentation styles and yeast to see the impact on the cup.
In 2017 on the farm they produced the winning Cup of Excellence Pulped Natural coffee. Now they have constructed their own lab on the farm to cup and assess their experiments giving greater versatility to choosing processes during the harvest.In the micro region of Fazenda Freitas Gabriel & Nunes feel they have an excellent climate especially during the harvest which has little rain allowing them to experiment with the coffees in a stable environment.
The coffee was selectively picked and fermented in tanks for 36 hours in cherry form, without the addition of water. After controlled fermentation the coffee was laid out in thick mounds on the patio where it was dried for a total of 20 days.
- Location: Cerrado Mineiro, Minas Gerais
- Varietal: Mundo Novo
- Process: Natural
- Elevation: 920-1100 masl
- Weight: 250g / 1KG
- Roast: Filter